Moving to Opportunity for Fair Housing Demonstration
: Interim Impacts Evaluation (September 2003, 341 p.)
The Moving to Opportunity for Fair Housing Demonstration Interim Impacts Evaluation
provides insights into what benefits can be achieved by improving
the neighborhoods of poor families. The Moving to Opportunity
program provided thousands of poor adults and children an opportunity
to use HUD vouchers to move out of public housing in high poverty
neighborhoods to lower poverty neighborhoods. Using rigorous
scientific methods, this study looks at the impact these moves
have had on housing, health, employment, education, mobility,
welfare receipt, and delinquency.
The results presented in this report show the impacts of
moving to lower poverty approximately 5-years after the move.
Within this relatively short timeframe, moving to lower poverty
has had significant positive impacts on:
mental health and obesity among adults; and
mental health, staying in school, delinquency, and risky
behavior among teenage girls.
There are, however, apparently some negative effects on boys'
behavior, and no statistically significant effects on employment
outcomes for adults or educational achievement for children.
Only marginal improvements were found in the quality of schools