The four studies that comprise this effort go some way to addressing the second dilemma. They explore in detail four strategies that have shown marked success in producing and maintaining economic opportunities and jobs and also in making them available to people with low incomes. The four studies were conducted by the Center for Community Change with support by the Office of Policy Development and Research of the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development, the Pew Charitable Trusts and its Fund for Urban Neigh-borhood Development and by the Center for Community Change itself.
One of the reports Strengthening Rural Economics: Programs that Target Promising Sectors of a Local Economy examines how a strategy of concentrating economic developing effort on a sector of businesses that are located near each other and share other common features can expand eco-nomic opportunities and produce jobs in rural areas. The report describes four diverse cases in which such a strategy has been used at least in part with the intention of increasing employment among low income people – and with some success.
Other reports include:
- Making Connections: A Study of Employment Linkage Programs
- Saving and Creating Good Jobs: A Study of Industrial Retention and Expansion Programs
- New Avenues into Jobs: Early Lessons from Nonprofit Temp Agencies and Employ-ment Brokers